Cabinda, an exclave and province of Angola (a status that has been disputed by many political organizations which consider the occupation of the territory by Angola illegal).
Antonio’s trip to Cabinda takes place after the attack perpetrated by the independentist group Flec against the Togo football team which participated in the african Football Cup of Nations, CAN – Angola 2010. The attack left three dead, several injured and has led to the withdrawal of the Togo team from the tournement.
Background information article on Cabinda by Antonio Cascais for Deutsche Welle Radio (german language): PDF german language
Interview by Antonio Cascais with Human Rigths Watch activist Lisa Rimli for DW-Radio (portuguese Language); (24.02.2010)
Report on the 4 new angolan football stadia, including the Chiazi-Stadium in Cabinda, build by the chinese for the african Cup of Nations 2010
(portuguese language); (26.02.2010)
Cabinda – with a population of nearly 150 000 – is an exclave and province of Angola, a status that has been disputed by many political organizations in the territory. The capital city is also called Cabinda. The province is divided into four municipalities – Belize, Buco Zau, Cabinda and Congo.
Cabinda is separated from the rest of Angola by a narrow strip of territory belonging to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which bounds the province on the south and the east. Cabinda is bounded on the north by the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean.
Adjacent to the coast are some of the largest offshore oil fields in the world. Petroleum exploration began in 1954 by the Cabinda Gulf Oil Company, when the territory was under Portuguese rule. It is estimated that 60 % of angola’s oil reserves are in deep fields off shore from Cabinda. The territory is able to produce ca. 700,000 barrels of crude oil per day. Cabinda Oil is associated with Sonangol, Agip Angola Lda (41%), Chevron (39.2%), Total (10%) and Eni (9.8%).
In 1885, the Treaty of Simulambuco established in Cabinda a Protectorate of Portugal and a number of Cabindan independence movements consider the occupation of the territory by Angola illegal. While the Angolan Civil War largely ended in 2002, an armed struggle persists in the exclave of Cabinda, where some of the factions have proclaimed an independent Republic of Cabinda.